Earthquake Risk and Engineering towards a Resilient World

9 - 10 July 2015, Homerton College, Cambridge, UK

Overview

SECED 2015 was a two-day conference on Earthquake and Civil Engineering Dynamics that took place on 9-10th July 2015 at Homerton College, Cambridge.

This was the first major conference to be held in the UK on this topic since SECED hosted the 2002 European Conference on Earthquake Engineering in London.

The conference brought together experts from a broad range of disciplines, including structural engineering, nuclear engineering, seismology, geology, geotechnical engineering, urban development, social sciences, business and insurance; all focused on risk, mitigation and recovery.

Conference themes

  • Geotechnical earthquake engineering
  • Seismic design for nuclear facilities
  • Seismic hazard and engineering seismology
  • Masonry structures
  • Risk and catastrophe modelling
  • Vibrations, blast and civil engineering dynamics
  • Dams and hydropower
  • Seismic assessment and retrofit of engineered and non-engineered structures
  • Social impacts and community recovery

Keynote speakers

SECED 2015 featured the following keynote speakers (affiliations correct at the time of the conference):

  • Peter Ford and Tim Allmark, Office for Nuclear Regulation, UK
  • Don Anderson, CH2M HILL, Seattle, USA
  • Bernard Dost, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, The Netherlands
  • Anne Kiremidjian, Stanford University, USA
  • Rob May, Golder Associates, Australia
  • Tiziana Rossetto, University College London, UK
  • Andrew Whittaker, University at Buffalo, USA
  • Mike Willford, Arup, The Netherlands

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Review

The accurate modelling of seismic load is a major topic that has raised particular interest in the literature in the recent years. One of the reasons is the advent of performance based earthquake engineering (PBEE) that has become the state of the art for both civil and nuclear structures. The PBEE generally requires transient analysis in order to evaluate the seismic fragility of structures and components. In consequence, a set of hazard consistent ground motion time histories is needed for the transient dynamic analysis to be performed.

In this paper, a simple procedure for simulating artificial earthquake accelerograms matching the statistical distribution of response spectra, as given by the ground motion prediction equations (median and the standard deviation) and correlation coefficients, is presented. The approach, Zentner (2014), follows the general ideas of the natural ground motion selection algorithms proposed by Baker (2011) and Wang (2011) but using simulated (artificial) “spectrum-compatible” accelerograms. This contribution proposes to perform a number of comparative studies in order to assess the capabilities of the simulated accelerograms. Ground motion intensity measures will be compared to the target from GMPE and to the ones of selected natural accelerograms. Finally, the impact on structural response will be evaluated. In particular, we compare a set of natural accelerograms, selected according to the Baker et al. procedure, to a set of simulated time histories.

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